Oldest black hole, same age as the universe, discovered 13.2 billion light years away

Astrophysicists have discovered the most distant and oldest supermassive black hole. It is located in the UHZ-1 galaxy, 13.2 billion light years from our planet. The most distant supermassive black holes ever discovered are more than 31 billion light-years from Earth, which could hold the key to why these supermassive black holes grew in size so quickly.

Astronomers have discovered the most distant black hole ever recorded, more than 13 billion light years from Earth. This object and objects like it could ultimately help scientists understand exactly how supermassive black holes in the early universe reached their enormous sizes so quickly. Priyamvada Natarajan, a professor of astronomy and physics at Yale University, and her team focused on the UHZ-1 galaxy while studying data from the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST). They then pointed the Chandra X-ray Observatory in the same direction and confirmed the presence of a supermassive black hole at the center of the galaxy.

Many distant black holes have been discovered and recorded using James Webb data. But the important thing about this hole is that you can actually see its existence,” says Natarajan. “X-rays have always been a surefire way to tell us there’s a black hole in front of us. It’s absolutely certain, there’s no ambiguity.” He used X-rays to confirm the hole. Masu.

The UHZ-1 galaxy’s extreme distance means we are looking at it about 470 million years after the Big Bang, when the universe was only about 3 percent of its current age. Masu. It took light 13.2 billion light years to reach Earth, but due to the expansion of the universe, galaxies are now more than 31 billion light years away. According to observations, the mass of the black hole is estimated to be 10 million to 100 million times that of the sun. The combination of this black hole’s early formation time and huge mass makes it particularly difficult to understand using traditional models of supermassive black hole formation.

“If it’s 100 million solar masses, that’s huge, but if it’s 10 million solar masses, it’s not that big, so it’s probably made of lighter material,” he says. “It all depends on whether we can discover more of these objects, perhaps even more massively, and perhaps at even greater distances, to truly understand how the first black hole populations arose.” Because Chandra is in a unique position to look for such black holes, and Chandra is in a unique position to detect them, the next discovery could happen relatively quickly, Pacucci said. I believe.

In March of this year, Rochester Institute of Technology astrophysicist Rebecca Larson and her colleagues identified the oldest example of a black hole, and based on its distance from Earth, it is likely that it is only 570 million years old since the beginning of the universe. I assumed it was later. Its mass is 10 million times that of the Sun, making it a medium-sized black hole on the cosmic scale. We previously wrote that Earth could be ejected from our solar system by a passing star. If another star passes close to our solar system, Earth could collide with another planet, be “stolen” from that star, or be thrown into the Oort cloud.