A tiny copy of our galaxy has been discovered in the early universe – scientists don’t understand how it got there

The James Webb Space Telescope continues to provide astonishing data that defies scientific explanation. The new discovery is that a galaxy very similar to the Milky Way was discovered just 2 billion years after the Big Bang. Astronomers say such a spiral galaxy could not have existed in this location and at this time. She would not have had time to grow into such perfect form. An international team of scientists discovered a patch of fog that remotely resembles a galaxy after analyzing images from the James Webb Observatory. The data were reexamined in a different wavelength range using a different Hubble telescope. It turned out to be an image of a spiral galaxy and was assigned the identifier ceers-2112. Redshift measurements showed that the galaxy Ceers-2112 was discovered 2 billion years after the Big Bang, which was previously unthinkable.

The galaxy in the Webb and Hubble images looks like a miniature version of our own Milky Way, with all the characteristics of a so-called barred spiral galaxy. These are galaxies from which smooth arms of many bright stars emerge from the center and then spiral for the first time. In the early chaos of the universe, there would have been no time at all for such minute structures of matter and stars to emerge, as Earth science previously believed. “The Webb” has truly expanded the horizons of our knowledge (or lack thereof) about the universe and the world in which we live. Now, a year and a half after Webb’s research began, scientists are beginning to call attention to the telescope’s discoveries in the early universe, saying the instrument has revealed many unknowns. The facts still remain.

source: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-023-06636-x