Cracking a Mystery of Massive Black Holes and Quasars with Supercomputer Simulations

An illustration with elements from NASA showing a quasar – a supermassive black hole being rapidly formed (Adobe Stock).

At the center of galaxies, like our own Milky Way, lie massive black holes surrounded by spinning gas. Some shine brightly, with a continuous supply of fuel, while others go dormant for millions of years, only to reawaken with a serendipitous influx of gas. It remains largely a mystery how gas flows across the universe to feed these massive black holes.